The bursa is a serous bag that is located in some of our joints like hip, shoulder and knees, it helps as protection of our muscles and tendons againsts osseous protuberances helping againts the sliding between them. We have like 160 bursas around different joints. Well the Trochanteric Bursitis is the inflammation in this bags. Most common on woman.
The hip is a joint with lots of bursa. There are 3 bags and the most important, two of them are bigger than the last one. The minor is located between the lower gluteus and the higher trochanter, the second one between the medium gluteus and the higher trochanter and the bigger and important one between the higher gluteus and the tendon of the medium gluteus. The function of the last one is to allow the sliding of the anterior portion of the tendon from the higher gluteus witht the tensor of the fascia lata when it goes above the higher trochanter to continue with the iliotibial joint.
Causes and risks factors of the trochanteric bursitis
The main caus of the bursitis is the friction of the iliotibial band above the higher trochanter in a repetitive way in the movement area of the hip. There are other causes.
- Biomechanic alterations of the spine.
- Alterations on the underlying structures, as it occurs with the reumathoid arthritis, lumbar spondylosis and alteration by paralysis.
- Full hip arthroplasty
- Hip arthrosis
- Falling on the hip
- Overuse on some athletes like runners or dancers
- Flat feet
Trochanteric Bursitis Symptons
The symptons goes from pai on one side of the leg, pain while goind up or down the stairs, pain while crossing the legs, also while getting up from the chair, also pain appears when the patient is laying on the affected side, there are patients that even wake up at night because of the pain. You can see inflamation around the area.