Injuries in Extreme Sports: BMX


BMX is considered a pedal extreme sport, an acrobatic mode of cycling from the 70's where it was born in California. Their acronyms means Bicycle Moto Cross. In the 80's this practice was generalized and give place to the variant called as "race" or racing circuit, very similar to the ones realized with motorcycles. In the mid 80's, with the first exclusive freestyle bikes. Tricks started to rise at skateparks or even in the streets, consolidating the BMX freestyle. Since January of 1993 BMX was integrated to the International Cyclist Union (ICU).

Frequent Injuries at BMX

Wrist Injuries:

  • Ulnar nerve compression: known as cyclist paralysis, it goes with sensitivity loss of the forth and fifth finger or the strength on them; changing the position of the bike while grabbing it, using the adequate padded gloves, bikes with front suspension and frequent change of the position in the bike, avoiding an injurie.

Feet Injuries:

  • Achilles Tendonitis: it usually appears due to an hyperextention of the leg while pedaling and using an extreme force, it also could be due to new shoes or pedals.
  • Plantar Fasciitis: pain at the bottom of the ankle, it is related with flat feets. The pain is localized and it activates with the pressure at that zone.

 Knee Injuries: 

  • Iliotibial band syndrome: excessive extension of the fibrous band of the tissue that sorrounds the external part of the knee caused for a bad adjusted position of the pedal, pointing the feet inward, low height of the saddle and the espectacular effort to do the tricks.

Hip Injuries: 

  • One of the most relevant are the perineals injuries as consequence of the support on the saddle and the long hours while training or in the competition.