Bones and Joints Injuries at Baseball

18/07/2018

Baseball is a team sport classified as bat and field, in wich there are no contact between participants. A sport that goes back from centuries ago, it's one of the most antiques and also one of the most populars in the United States and part of the world, considered as a national sport, also in Venezuela, is the most socially accepted sport.

Is a competitive sport, full of suspense, cunning and inteligence, even though the rules are simple, it is also determined by the hability, is a team sport, where all the teammates are coordinated, played in a variety of angles where the signs and passwords to avoid or attack the opponent.

Injuries at Baseball

At the Shoulder

Pitcher shoulder: This generally refer to the injuries of the rotator cuff.

  • Did you know? That during the throw out the velocity of the rotation fo the shoulder can overcome the 7000° for second.
  • The pitcher shoulder of the minor leagues, this injurie affects the proximal part of the body of the humerus. The rotatory movement above the growing plate of the teenager pitchers can cause fracture and it might happen in athletes with 11 or 12 years old.

At the Humerus

  • Fracture of the diaphysis of the Humerus: It consists in a fatigue caused fracture, usually at the middle of the humerus (diaphysis of the humerus) and on x-ray it migth appear as a spiral fracture.

At the Elbow

  • Injuries or tears of the mediall collateral ligament (MCI) of the elbow: This ligament is the main stabilizer of the elbow in the batting movements is the most frequent.
  • Elbow of the Minor Leagues. It is the result of repetitive tension above the growing plaque in the internal part of the elbow. Most of the tension happens when the accelerattion phase at the throwing of the baseball ball, because of the growing bones, also growing plates are weak and susceptible at injuries. This happens with strong throwing at high speed, when they throw curves. 

Obviously like many other sports, in baseball it is exposed to other traumatic injuries and overuse, that affects other anatomic regions, we consider that these are the most important, due to the throwing action.

It should be mentioned that before 70's the injuries could end the athlete careers, also if the athlete doesn't keep up the adequate rehabilitation programs. Nowadays surgery techniques and rehabilitations, can reintegrate the athletes to their careers.